Shaharwali community is a small community but it has produced many famous people in various fields Starting from the Jagat Seth family. Jagat Seth family was very close to the Nawabs of Murshidabad. In fact, Nawab Mursheedkoolie Khan brought Jagat Seth with him while fleeing from Delhi to Mursheedabad. The Jagat Seth family has taken the charge of greatest Jain pilgrimage Sammet Shikhar and managed it for over a century. He has managed to get some Farmans from the Badshaha of Delhi in favor of the Jains. They also built Sanwalia Parasanath temple made of Kasauti (Gold tester) stone. This was the only temple in the world made of this stone.
Amichand and Raidurlabh, the merchants in the court of Nawab Siraj-ut-doula were also belonging to Oswal Jain community. The Oswal Jain community in Murshidabad, later on, described as Shaharwali.
The Golechha family was the next to come in the picture. Harakchand golechha of this family took charge of Sammet Shikhar from the Jagat Seth family after their decline. He has also built Ratnamayee Chouveesee (24 Tirthankara idols made of various gemstones). Those, later on, installed in the Chintamani Parshvanath temple. Daughter of Harakchand Golcha was married to Nanak Chand Kothari, S/ O Panachand Kothari. Nanak Chand Kothari was a newcomer to Azimganj at that time. Jyoti Kothari, the writer of this blog, is his Grand Grand son.
Dugar family served the society most. Practically they reigned for almost a century. Pratap Singh Dugar of this family took a "Sangh" to Palitana in Samvat 1883 with Upadhyaya shree Kshamaratana.
(Kathgola Temple: Photo courtesy
Rai Bahadur Laxmipat Singh Doogar and Rai Bahadur Dhanpat Singh Doogar were his two sons who carried the tradition with them. Laxmipat Singh, the elder brother built famous Kathgola temple and Dadabadi and decorated the 100 acres land with beautiful marvel and statues and other decorative from Oslar company. Perhaps this is the biggest land devoted to a Jain temple. Sripat Singh Dugar of this family built two colleges in Jiaganj and a community hall in Kolkata Jain Bhawan. He also contributed generously for publication of Jain stories series by Pandit Kashinath Jain.
|Dugar Family photo Curtsy Sunil Dugar|
Rai Bahadur Dhanpat Singh Doogar, the younger brother has done numerous work for the religion, trade, and society. He built Famous Dhanpat Vasahi alias Babu Ka dehrasar (Temple of Lord Adinath) in the talhatti (Valley) of Palitana, the Shatrunjaya Teertha.
He also took charge of Sammet Shikhar teertha from Golechha family. The Dugar family had maintained it for more than seventy years before the Jain community took charge from them. Rai Dhanpat Singh built the main temple there in Madhuvana and also Jal Mandir above the hill. He also built dharamshala there. He has built many other temples and Dharamshalas in various pilgrimages such as Kshatriyakunda, Gunaya, Barakar, Kakandi, Champapur etc. and other places such as Azimganj, Ganpatganj, Pratapganj etc.
He set up a printing press in Azimganj to get all the Jain Agamas (Sacred and holy books) printed. It was the first time in the history that Jain Agamas were published in printed form.
They were the Zemindars of Harawat estate (Poornia district of modern Bihar). Rai Bahadoor Dhanpat Singh Doogar founded the Bengal chamber of Commerce and adorned the Chair as the first President of the same. Kamala Pat Singh Kothari, S / O Nanak Chand Kothari was married to the grand daughter of Rai Bahadoor Dhanpat Singh Doogar. Kamala Pat Singh Kothari is the great grandfather of Jyoti Kothari, author of this blog.
Doogar family also owned their own Railway from Azimganj to Nalhati.
|Inscription at Azimganj city railway station|
Famous people from Azimganj Part 1
(Vardhaman Gems, Jaipur represents Centuries Old Tradition of Excellence in Gems and Jewelry)